This episode covers Chapter 77 of Rosen’s Emergency Medicine. The Pleural Space is not to be trifled with!
- List 5 RFs for 1° spontaneous PTX.
- What is the most common pathophysiologic cause of PTX?
- List 8 causes of 2° spontaneous PTX
- List 5 clinical findings suggestive of tension PTX
- Describe how to estimate the size of a PTX
- Describe the management of 1° and 2° spontaneous PTX
- Describe the procedure needle aspiration of a PTX. List 3 benefits of this over TT
- Describe the procedure of TT. List 6 complications of TT placement and contraindications.
- List 10 causes of pleural effusion. What is the most common transudative and exudative?
- What is starling’s law and how does it apply to the development of pleural effusions
- List 5 CXR findings of pleural effusion
- Describe Light’s Criteria for pleural effusion and list 5 other tests to perform on pleural fluid. What does a low pH indicate?
- Describe the procedure of thoracentesis. List 2 contraindications and 9 complications
- What is Catamenial pneumothorax? How is it tx?
- How do you properly Secure a chest tube?
- Describe the seldinger technique for chest tube insertion
- What are the false positives for PTX on lung U/S?