Jul 24, 2017
This episode covers Chapter 94 of Rosen’s Emergency Medicine 8th
edition (look at chapter 84 for the 9th edition). Have you ever
seen gastroenteritis? If you haven't, its probably because you
aren't in emergency medicine yet... but once you are... you will.
Listen to this post to get ready for the brown winter.
- Describe a general approach or investigation and management for
suspected infectious diarrhea in the following groups:
- Non-bloody diarrhea
- Bloody Diarrhea
- What are the 4 most common causes of infectious diarrhea? List
4 pathogens that a special test needs to be requested to diagnose
in addition to stool C+S, O+P.
- Describe common infectious patterns and risk factors for each
of the following
- Vibrio parahaemolyticus
- Enterohemorrhagic E. coli
- List 6 causes of bloody diarrhea and 5 features of illness that
suggest invasive E.coli
- List causes of toxin-induced bacterial enteritis: 4 performed
toxins, 4 in-which toxins are produced after colonization. For
each, describe typical source and pattern of illness
- List 5 RFs for C. diff. What are 2 therapy options?
- List the 2 most common causes of viral gastroenteritis.
Differentiate the two based on patient population and course of
- List 4 protozoal causes of gastroenteritis. For each, describe
the clinical presentation
- List 6 causes of diarrhea in AIDS. Describe an appropriate
initial work-up. What additional steps may be required?
- What is food poisoning?
- Describe an approach to the management of travelers’ diarrhea.
What are 5 common causes. Which if the most common?