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CRACKCast & Physicians as Humans on CanadiEM

CanadiEM aims to improve emergency care in Canada by building an online community of practice for healthcare practitioners and providing them with high quality, freely available educational resources. The CanadiEM Podcast brings you cutting edge clinical topics on the National Rounds Series and delves into the struggles that doctors face on the Physicians as Humans Series.

May 3, 2018

This episode of CRACKCast covers Rosen's Chapter 173, Genitourinary and Renal Tract Disorders. Torsion, phimosis, UTIs, stones, and priapism are some of the high-yield topics covered here.

Core questions:

1. List a DDx for priapism and describe treatment.

2. Describe the management of a paraphimosis.

3. Describe the management of a phimosis.

4. What is the pathophysiology of balanoposthitis? What is the most common bug in balanoposthitis?

5. How is balanoposthitis managed?

6. Describe the diagnosis and management of pediatric epididymitis and orchitis.

7. Describe the diagnosis and management of testicular torsion.

8. List common bacteria in peds UTI and describe treatment in patients <2 months, 2M-2Y, 2Y+.

9. List 6 ddx renal mass – how should these be imaged first?

10. Give a differential diagnosis of proteinuria in children.

11. What is the most common cause of proteinuria in children?

12. Provide a differential diagnosis of acute renal failure in children. What is the most common causes?

13. Describe the clinical presentation of glomerulonephritis in a child.

14. Define hypertension in a child.

15. List causes of hypertension in a child.

16. List 2 medical treatments for acute HTN crisis in children.

17. What are the two types of HUS? What are the typical presenting features?

18. Describe the management of HUS and HSP in kids.


1. List three complications of circumcision.

2. Describe approaches to penile entrapment and tourniquet states.

3. Which side is a varicocele concerning and why?

4. Other than cystitis and pyelonephritis, list 6 other causes of pediatric dysuria

5. List 10 ddx for hematuria in peds.

6. List 5 false indicators of hematuria.

7. List 6 causes of nephrotic syndrome in peds.

8. List 5 complications of acute renal failure in children.

9. How does E. coli cause HUS? Which strain of E. coli is the concerning one?