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CRACKCast & Physicians as Humans on CanadiEM

CanadiEM aims to improve emergency care in Canada by building an online community of practice for healthcare practitioners and providing them with high quality, freely available educational resources. The CanadiEM Podcast brings you cutting edge clinical topics on the National Rounds Series and delves into the struggles that doctors face on the Physicians as Humans Series.

Sep 3, 2019

Core Questions: 

 

  1. Define confusion.
  2. What is your differential diagnosis for the confused patient?
  3. Differentiate between organic and functional causes of confusion.
  4. What is the Quick Confusion Scale (QCS) and how is it calculated?
  5. What is the Brief Confusion Assessment Method (bCAM) and how is it used?
  6. What is the...


Aug 5, 2019

Core Questions:

1. Define coma and differentiate coma from lethargy and stupor.

2. Name five neuroanatomic structures involved in maintaining arousal.

3. List five critical and five emergent causes of depressed consciousness. (see Table 13.1)

4. Describe your approach to the history and physical examination for the...


Jul 1, 2019

Core Questions: 

 

  1. List 10 life-threatening causes of syncope 
  2. List 10 medications that can precipitate syncope 
  3. What are the red flags on history and physical exam in syncope? 
  4. What are markers of increased short-term risk in syncope patients? (box) 
  5. What are 5 ECG findings to look for in the syncopal patient? 
  6.  List...


Jun 3, 2019

Core Questions:

 

  1. Define cyanosis and explain what causes it?
  2. What is central cyanosis and what typically causes it?
  3. What is peripheral cyanosis and what typically causes it?
  4. At what concentration of deoxyhemoglobin does cyanosis present?
  5. List 10 differential diagnoses for cyanosis - Box 11.2?
  6. Describe your initial...


May 6, 2019

Core Questions:

1. What structures are affected by UMJ, LMJ, and NMJ lesions, and what are causes of weakness associated with each?

2. What are common signs of UMN, LMN, and NMJ dysfunction?

3. What are (7) pathophysiologic causes of non-neurologic weakness (Box 10.1)?

4. What is the DDx of neuromuscular weakness?...