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CanadiEM Podcasts: CRACKCast, ClerkCast, CarmsCast, First Year Diaries

CanadiEM aims to improve emergency care in Canada by building an online community of practice for healthcare practitioners and providing them with high quality, freely available educational resources. The CanadiEM Podcast brings you cutting edge clinical topics on the National Rounds Series and delves into the struggles that doctors face on the Physicians as Humans Series.

Apr 26, 2018

Core questions:



  • List 8 causes of neonatal jaundice and indicate whether they are conjugated or unconjugated
  • List indications for work-up of a jaundiced infant
  • What are RFs for hyperbilirubinemia? (8)
  • What is the differential diagnosis for vomiting in a child?
  • Describe the typical presentation of each of the following:
  • Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis
  • Malrotation with midgut volvulus
  • NEC
  • GERD
  • Intussusception
  • Hirschsprung's Disease
  • Meckel’s Diverticulum
  • HSP
  • List Xray findings for each of the following:
  • Malrotation with midgut volvulus (2)
  • NEC (4)
  • Intussusception (5)
  • Hirschsprung's Disease (2)
  • Describe the conservative management of a patient with GERD.
  • What is the preferred diagnostic test for diagnosis for intussusception?
  • List causes of lead points in pts with intussusception.
  • Describe each of the following signs on physical exam:
  • Sandifer’s syndrome
  • Red-currant Jelly Stools
  • Dance’s Sign
  • Rovsing’s sign
  • Psoas Sign
  • Obturator Sign
  • Describe the “Rule of 2” for Meckel’s Diverticulum
  • What are 3 common locations of lodging in the esophagus
  • List 3 indications for FB removal from stomach.  Describe the management of button battery FBs
  • What is HSP? How does it typically present?
  • List three complications of HSP.
  • Why is appendicitis different in very young children?
  • List 10 causes of pancreatitis in children
  • List 10 causes of biliary tract disease in children
  • List conditions associated with the development of gallstones in children.




  • What are the risk factors for necrotizing enterocolitis?
  • Describe the proposed pathophysiology of necrotizing enterocolitis?
  • List five pathologic causes of constipation in a child.
  • What is the most concerning complication of hirschsprung’s disease? How does it occur?
  • What is gallbladder hydrops? What conditions is it associated with?