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CanadiEM Podcasts: CRACKCast, ClerkCast, CarmsCast, First Year Diaries

CanadiEM aims to improve emergency care in Canada by building an online community of practice for healthcare practitioners and providing them with high quality, freely available educational resources. The CanadiEM Podcast brings you cutting edge clinical topics on the National Rounds Series and delves into the struggles that doctors face on the Physicians as Humans Series.

Apr 30, 2018

Core Questions:

1) What are three pathophysiologic types of diarrhea? Give an example of a cause for each.

2) List 6 common causes of childhood infectious diarrhea in developed countries.

3) List 5 important differential diagnoses of diarrhea in children.

4) List 5 important differential diagnoses of vomiting in children.

5) When should you initiate a medical evaluation of children with acute diarrhea?

6) Describe the typical presentation of:

  • Rotavirus
  • Norovirus
  • Salmonella
  • Shigella
  • Yersinia
  • E. Coli
  • C. Difficile

7) List routine and high risk treatment recommendations for common bacteria causing acute infectious diarrhea in children:

  • Salmonella non-typhi
  • Salmonella typhi
  • Shigella
  • Campylobacter jejuni
  • Yersinia enterocolitica
  • C. Difficile
  • Vibrio cholerae
  • Vibrio parahaemolyticus
  • E. Coli

8) List the presenting features and treatments for three common protozoa causing infectious diarrhea in children.

9) Define and describe your diagnosis and management approach to dehydration that is:

  • Mild
  • Moderate
  • Severe
  • Associated with Hypo/Hypernatremia


1) Name 5 causes of bloody diarrhea.

2) Other than vomiting and diarrhea from infectious gastroenteritis, list 6 causes of volume depletion.

3) Name the components of the Gorelick scale.

4) What’s the 4-2-1 rule?