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CanadiEM Podcasts: CRACKCast, ClerkCast, First Year Diaries

CanadiEM aims to improve emergency care in Canada by building an online community of practice for healthcare practitioners and providing them with high quality, freely available educational resources. The CanadiEM Podcast brings you cutting edge clinical topics on the National Rounds Series and delves into the struggles that doctors face on the Physicians as Humans Series.

Feb 5, 2020

Core Questions: 


  1. Detail the pertinent points to review when taking the history of a patient presenting with a red and painful eye - Box 19.2
  2. Outline an approach to the ocular physical examination - Box 19.3
  3. Outline the components of the slit lamp examination - Box 19.4 
  4. What signs and symptoms, if present, likely indicate the presence of serious ocular pathologies - Box 19.1
  5. What is a relative afferent pupillary defect and what conditions cause it?
  6. List ten causes of increase intraocular pressure
  7. List five causes for an absent red reflex - Box 19.5
  8. Name three critical, emergent, urgent, and non-urgent causes of the red and painful eye? - Figure 19.8




  1. What are the fundoscopic findings of a central retinal artery occlusion.
  2. What is the pinhole test and what visual disturbances does it correct?
  3. What are the three most common causes of an irregularly shaped pupil
  4. What is Seidel’s Test and what condition does it identify?